Climate of latin america-Latin America: Climate and Vegetation

In , packs of jaguars roamed the countryside, attacking humans. The Indians built barricades for protection from the savage cats. But the jaguars remained a source of fear. The cats were a factor that had to be taken into account in settling and protecting towns and villages. There was no question about it—jaguars and other creatures thrived in the humid climate and thick vegetation of the tropical rain forests.

Climate of latin america

Journal of Climate 16 4 : — The second-longest river in the World, the Amazon 6, km flows across the top of the continent. The program should run on all versions of Windows. Yes No. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Taboo penetration : — Hong Kong Photos Informations. Retreat of seven Andean glaciers. Parts of northern Mexico are classified as desert, as Climate of latin america much of the coast of Peru.

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The coast of Peru thus is the cloudiest—and one of the driest—deserts in the world, with no sunshine for at least six months of the year. For change, see Climate change in the United States. Florida, the Gulf Coast, the Desert Southwest, and southern Climate of latin america however, often have more stable weather, as the polar jet stream's impact does not usually reach that far south. The South American continent also includes various islandsmost of which belong to countries on the continent. Scientists have counted more than 2, varieties of trees in the Amazon rain forest. Geography of South America. Retrieved on Geophysical Research Letters 25 12 : — Asked in Latin America How many regions is latin America composed of? In January the coldest month in Pacific Northwest historySeattle received an all-time record 57 inches of snow; [2] that same month, Portland received 41 inches.

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  • In , packs of jaguars roamed the countryside, attacking humans.
  • Latin America occupies half of all the Americas territory, and it includes all the climates you can ever think of.
  • The eastern side of the continent is generally lower than the west which contains the Andes mountain range.
  • The climate of the United States varies due to changes in latitude, and a range of geographic features, including mountains and deserts.

In , packs of jaguars roamed the countryside, attacking humans. The Indians built barricades for protection from the savage cats. But the jaguars remained a source of fear. The cats were a factor that had to be taken into account in settling and protecting towns and villages. There was no question about it—jaguars and other creatures thrived in the humid climate and thick vegetation of the tropical rain forests.

The climate of Latin America ranges from the hot and humid Amazon River basin to the dry and desert-like conditions of northern Mexico and southern Chile. Rain forest, desert, and savanna are all found in the region. The vegetation varies from rain forests to grasslands and desert scrub. It ranges from the thick trees of the rain forests to mosses of the tundra.

This variety of climate and vegetation is due to several factors. First, Latin America spans a great distance on each side of the equator. Second, there are big changes in elevation because of the massive mountains in the region. Third, the warm currents of the Atlantic Ocean and the cold currents of the Pacific Ocean affect the climate.

The tropical climate zones of the region produce both rain forests and the tree-dotted grasslands known as savannas. Savannas are found in South America. Rain forests are dense forests made up of different species of trees. They form a unique ecosystem —a community of plants and animals living in balance. The climate in these areas is hot and rainy year round. Much of this rain forest is located in Brazil. Rain forests contain many exotic plants and creatures.

Scientists have counted more than 2, varieties of trees in the Amazon rain forest. These include the Brazil nut tree, which grows feet high. Animals include the anaconda, among the largest snakes in the world, the jaguar, and the piranha, a sharp-toothed, meat-eating fish. Wet and dry climates , found primarily in South America, support savannas, which are grasslands dotted with trees common in tropical and subtropical regions. These areas have hot climates with seasonal rain.

Savannas are found in Brazil, Colombia , and Argentina. Dry climate zones are found in Mexico on the North American continent and in various countries of South America.

Neither Central America nor the Caribbean, though, has dry climate zones. A semiarid climate is generally dry, with some rain. Vast, semiarid, grass-covered plains are often found in such climates. Desert shrubs also grow in semiarid regions. Such regions are found in Mexico, Brazil, Uruguay , and Argentina.

Parts of northern Mexico are classified as desert, as is much of the coast of Peru. The Atacama Desert is in northern Chile. Likewise, Argentina's southern zone, Patagonia, contains a desert. The deserts of the region are made up of shrubs growing in gravel or sand. The mid-latitude, moderate climate zones in the region are located south of the equator, from approximately Rio de Janeiro in Brazil southward.

Humid subtropical areas have rainy winters and hot, humid summers. Parts of Paraguay, Uruguay, southern Brazil, southern Bolivia , and northern Argentina including Buenos Aires are located in humid, subtropical climates. The vegetation is varied.

Mediterranean climate zones experience hot, dry summers and cool, moist winters. Part of Chile along the west coast is in this zone. You have experienced a similar climate if you have ever been to California. The vegetation in this climate is mainly chaparral.

Marine west coast climate zones are characterized by cool, rainy winters and mild, rainy summers. One such climate region runs along the coast of southwestern South America. Parts of southern Chile and Argentina have this climate. If you have spent time in Oregon or Washington , you have experienced this type of climate. Forests are the typical vegetation. Highland climate zones vary from moderate to cold, depending on elevation. Other factors influence highland climates, such as wind, sunlight, and landscape.

Highland climates are found in the mountains of Mexico and South America. In the next section, you will read about how human-environment interaction affects the quality of life in Latin America.

All rights reserved. Climate - American Samoa. South America climate has a zone of humid ocean air that lies on the southwestern portion of Chile. In the central and upper eastern United States, precipitation is evenly distributed throughout the year, although summer rainfall increases as one moves southeastward. Forests are the typical vegetation. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. They generate unusually large temperature contrasts, and often bring copious Gulf moisture northward, resulting sometimes in cold conditions and possibly-heavy snow or ice north and west of the storm track, and warm conditions, heavy rains and potentially-severe thunderstorms south and east of the storm track - often simultaneously.

Climate of latin america

Climate of latin america

Climate of latin america

Climate of latin america

Climate of latin america. A Varied Climate and Vegetation

The second-longest river in the World, the Amazon 6, km flows across the top of the continent. South America is located in the southern hemisphere. Those countries to the south of the continent have four distinct seasons. The countries in the north of the continent have more constant high temperatures and high rainfall throughout the year.

Deciduous forest — Four distinct seasons with warm summers and cold, wet winters. The trees shed their leaves in autumn. Savanna — This region has very high temperatures all year and rain during the summer season only. It is winter from October to May with temperatures below freezing, while summer is from June to September where the temperature can reach 15?

South America is the fifth most populated continent with a total population of around ,, The north-west coastal region and the eastern coast of Brazil are the most densely populated areas while the Amazon rainforest area is the least populated.

The countries with the highest populations to the nearest million are:. Brazil — million Colombia — 43 million Argentina — 40 million Peru — 28 million Venezuela — 26 million. Brazil is the most economically developed country but the economies of Argentina, Venezuela, Peru and Uruguay are growing the most quickly.

The southern tier of the continent is unaffected by the ITCZ and falls instead under the influence of cold fronts and the mid-latitude westerlies, which are particularly strong in the Southern Hemisphere because of the large extent of ocean area there and the unimpeded air flow that expanse allows.

As the westerlies rise over the Andes, most of their moisture is released in orographic precipitation , while on the lee side a typical rain shadow develops over the vast desert and semidesert region of Patagonia. South America can be divided into four major climatic regions—tropical, temperate, arid, and cold—their parameters determined by the elements described above. Among the tropical climates, the tropical rainy, or rainforest , type occurs on the Pacific coast of Colombia , in the Amazon basin, on the coast of the Guianas, and on part of the coast of Brazil.

In the Amazon region, rains do not fall evenly over the basin. The southern part receives most of its rainfall during the Southern Hemisphere summer October to April , while the northern part has its rainy season during the Northern Hemisphere summer May to September. That type of climate is found on the fringes of the tropical-rainy belt, in the Orinoco basin, on the Brazilian Highlands , and in part of western Ecuador. The temperate climates have a greater range of temperatures than the tropical climates and may include extreme climatic variations.

Those climates, characterized by lower winter temperatures, are south of the Tropic of Capricorn in Paraguay , parts of Bolivia , Brazil, Argentina , and Chile and in the mid-level elevations of the Andes. Rainfall exceeds 1. In southern Chile, winter temperatures are lower but not as low as the latitudes would indicate. The southern islands and channels have a relatively uniform cool climate throughout the year, and winters are much less severe than in Labrador Canada , for example, which is at a comparable latitude and maritime location in the Northern Hemisphere.

The presence of glaciers is the result of snowy winters and cool, cloudy summers during which ice does not completely melt. Rainfall is abundant—about inches 2, mm in Valdivia , Chile, and probably twice that figure on the western slopes of the mountains—and the southernmost west coast is one of the wettest regions in South America. A short distance inland, however, after passing into the lee of the Andes, rainfall decreases considerably 20 inches [ mm] at Ushuaia , Argentina.

Thus, in Patagonia an unusual situation exists in which those variations in rainfall result in more-significant differences in climate from west to east than from north to south. Warm and cold deserts and certain coastal and interior regions are classified as arid climates. Patagonia and northwestern Argentina constitute the largest of the interior arid regions.

The cold seas associated with the Peru Current and the proximity of the high Andes produce an inversion of normal atmospheric temperatures, as air in contact with the water cools more rapidly than the upper strata of air. The result is a nearly continuous layer of stratus clouds about 1, feet metres thick, lying at elevations varying between about 1, and 3, feet and metres , that prevents air near the ground from being warmed.

The coast of Peru thus is the cloudiest—and one of the driest—deserts in the world, with no sunshine for at least six months of the year. A warm coastal desert extends from northeastern Colombia to Venezuela , covering a zone where rainfall is scarce and droughts are prolonged. The interior highlands act as a wedge separating the sea winds from the northeast and those from the southeast, which carry their moisture beyond the region.

Average annual rainfall is less than 4 inches mm , and the dry season may last as long as seven months. Those occur in the southernmost parts of Argentina and Chile and in the high Andes above about 11, feet 3, metres. Mean temperatures are relatively low throughout the year, but daily variations are wide.

Facts and Information about the Continent of South America

The eastern side of the continent is generally lower than the west which contains the Andes mountain range. The second-longest river in the World, the Amazon 6, km flows across the top of the continent. South America is located in the southern hemisphere. Those countries to the south of the continent have four distinct seasons. The countries in the north of the continent have more constant high temperatures and high rainfall throughout the year. Deciduous forest — Four distinct seasons with warm summers and cold, wet winters.

The trees shed their leaves in autumn. Savanna — This region has very high temperatures all year and rain during the summer season only. It is winter from October to May with temperatures below freezing, while summer is from June to September where the temperature can reach 15?

South America is the fifth most populated continent with a total population of around ,, The north-west coastal region and the eastern coast of Brazil are the most densely populated areas while the Amazon rainforest area is the least populated.

The countries with the highest populations to the nearest million are:. Brazil — million Colombia — 43 million Argentina — 40 million Peru — 28 million Venezuela — 26 million. Brazil is the most economically developed country but the economies of Argentina, Venezuela, Peru and Uruguay are growing the most quickly. Throughout South America there is a wide gap between the rich and poor. The rainforest areas are jungles of dense, wet forests. The picture left shows an area of the Amazon Rainforest.

The desert regions are home to those plants that can survive the arid conditions and include varieties of cactii. The deciduous forest region has a wealth of plant life and includes tall and short trees, shrubs, small plants and mosses. Plants found in the Mediterranean region have adapted to the differences in rainfall and temperature between winter and summer and include, palm trees, citrus trees, forest and scrub.

South America is home to many species of animals including llama, anaconda, pirana, jaguar, vicuna, and tapir.

Heather Y Wheeler. South America. Last accessed Thursday, July 21, All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited.

Harvard Reference for this page: Heather Y Wheeler.

Climate of latin america

Climate of latin america

Climate of latin america