Depression, being the most common neuropsychiatric complication of HIV, is also associated with increased health-care utilization, decreased quality of life QOL , and poor adherence to antiretroviral therapy ART. Depression is a multidimensional disorder affected by a variety of biological, psychological, and social determinants and this relation becomes more complicated in HIV patients. The current study therefore aimed to investigate the sociodemographic and clinical determinants of depression and assess difference in the QOL of HIV patients not having depression and those suffering from depression. Out of study subjects, , i. The prevalence of depression was higher in females, illiterates, and unemployed HIV patients as compared to males, literates, and employed subjects, respectively.
Search all Depression hiv aids articles Deppression. Depression is sadness or grief that is more intense and lasts longer than it should. HIV is threatening children as never giv. Also, some medicines for mental health conditions or mood disorders can interact with ART. The children and their guardians were assured of confidentiality. Cogn Ther Res. Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. AIDS Care. Garnefski N, Kraaij V. Cognitive coping strategies and symptoms of depression and anxiety: a comparison between adolescents and adults.
Spirit factory cheerleading. Introduction
A positive outlook, determination and discipline are also required to deal with the stresses of avoiding high-risk behaviors, keeping up with the latest scientific advances, adhering to complicated medication regimens, reshuffling schedules for doctor Sisiter sucks, and grieving over the death of loved ones. However, the following symptoms can be caused by depression in HIV-positive patients and should be on your radar:. Mental Health. Inadequate dosage or inadequate length of time Depression hiv aids the drug is the most common cause of treatment Depresaion. Some individuals with HIV attempt to treat their depression with herbal remedies. Besides the criteria listed above, you may experience some of the following problems if you are depressed:. So learning to come to grips with disclosure is another stress trigger for an HIV-positive person. Consultation for medication with a psychiatrist for medication generally involves several closely spaced visits usually weekly with a psychiatrist while you start medication, and then occasional more widely spaced visits to monitor your progress on the drug. Untreated depression can cause you to miss medication doses and lower your quality of life. Lastly, aging plays a role in Depression hiv aids severe depression can become for someone living with HIV. Too Exhausted to Eat? It is not a complete listing of all potential side effects: Sexual side effects Deprssion common side effect of Prozac, Zoloft, Paxil, Celexa, Effexor, Lexapro and Luvox is sexual dysfunction.
- From women who need to address past trauma to young people addicted to street drugs, all people with HIV need support to fight depression.
- If five or more of these symptoms are present every day for at least two weeks and interfere with routine daily activities such as work, self-care, and childcare or social life, seek an evaluation for depression.
- The destruction of these cells leaves people infected with HIV vulnerable to other infections, diseases and other complications.
Almost every person faces mental health challenges at some point. Major stresses—like the death of a loved one, divorce, loss of a job, or moving—can have a major impact on mental health. Having a serious illness, like HIV, can be another source of major stress. You may find that living with HIV challenges your sense of well-being or complicates existing mental health conditions. HIV, and some opportunistic infections, can also affect your nervous system and can lead to changes in your behavior.
Good mental health will help you live your life to the fullest and is essential to successfully treating HIV. To help manage your mental health, it is important to know when, how, and where to get help. One of the most common mental health conditions that people with HIV face is depression.
Depression can range from mild to severe, and the symptoms of depression can affect your day-to-day life. Symptoms can include:. The good news is that depression is treatable. Ask your health care provider, social worker, or case manager to refer you to a mental health provider who can give you the care you need. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link.
Section Navigation. Mental Health. Minus Related Pages. How can HIV impact my mental health? What is HIV depression and where can I find treatment?
Types of mental health providers include: Psychiatrists: Medically trained physicians who treat mental health problems with various therapies, like talk therapy, and by prescribing medicine. Psychologists: Trained professionals who help people cope with life challenges and mental health problems with therapies, like talk therapy, but usually cannot prescribe medicines. Therapists: Mental health or marriage and family counselors who help people cope with life issues and mental health problems.
CDC is not responsible for Section compliance accessibility on other federal or private website. When prescribed correctly, psychoactive drugs do not dull your intelligence or your ability to perceive reality. Section Navigation. They have no major advantages and they have problems that make them generally less desirable than other drugs. You should always seek help if you are suicidal or neglecting necessary medical care. Seek help for depression. You can do a lot of prep work to make the perfect sleep environment.
Depression hiv aids. Fact Sheet 558
When you test positive for HIV, your whole world can change in an instant. From who you tell, to picking out your healthcare providers, to monitoring your immune system, and deciding how you want to deal with HIV in your life.
It is safe to say that we have an epidemic on our hands, that is most rapidly growing in the female and minority populations. As with any diagnosis, a number of side effects can occur simultaneously with your HIV infection. This list is not exhaustive, but can include:. Take our 2-minute Depression quiz to see if you may benefit from further diagnosis and treatment.
If you suffer from substance abuse as well, this rate may be higher. Common emotions after being diagnosed with HIV are sadness and grief, but sadness and grief that morph into full-blown clinical depression are not considered normal responses.
Depression can negatively impact your mind, mood, body, and behavior. And it often goes undiagnosed and untreated in those individuals infected with HIV. But, the good news is, just as there have been significant medical advancements helping HIV-positive individuals live fuller, more productive lives, depression treatments help patients better manage both diseases.
These treatments can enhance both survival rates and quality of life in individuals suffering from both HIV and depression. If you have been diagnosed as being infected with HIV, you should routinely be going for medical visits to best control the infection.
Because feelings of depression commonly co-occur with a diagnosis of HIV, many patients may not immediately seek treatment, thinking it is a normal side effect of their diagnosis. Similarly, many clinicians fail to screen effectively for depression so as not to insult the patient. However, the following symptoms can be caused by depression in HIV-positive patients and should be on your radar:.
As mentioned previously, your doctor or clinician should be conducting regular mental health assessments to determine if you are suffering from any underlying mental disturbances co-occurring with your HIV infection. After ruling out any physical symptoms, your medical health provider should conduct simple screening techniques that have been shown to be effective in detecting unrecognized depression.
Two simple questions have been shown to have great effectiveness in recognizing depression in patients:. If you agree with either or both of these questions, you should be asked a series of additional questions to further help in diagnosis. Some follow-up questions your medical care provider may ask you include:. Certain behavioral changes may also be indicative that a person diagnosed with HIV is also suffering from depression. Your clinician should pay attention to the following changes in your behavior that may also help them pinpoint a depression diagnosis:.
This may sound like an obvious question. However, HIV infection itself does not cause depression, nor does the progression of the disease automatically lead to depression. These common crisis points include:.
Depression treatment is critical in patients diagnosed with HIV. If left untreated, depression can cause HIV-infected individuals to stop their treatments, stop going to medical appointments, and to actively not stay engaged in personal care in general.
In addition, not treating depression can lead to more risky behavior, including alcohol abuse, drug use, and being careless in behaviors that may infect others with HIV. In addition to making your HIV disease progress at a faster rate than normal, depression can lead to death by suicide and a general overall low quality of life.
The good news is there are treatment options available to help you cope with your depression, which in turn can improve your HIV prognosis as well. Lifestyle changes and medications have both been effective tools in helping those with HIV fight depression.
Antidepressant medications have been proven effective tools in the treatment of depression. If you are on antidepressants and are also coping with HIV, pay close attention to any side effects while on these drugs.
This is due to possible interactions between the antidepressants and other medications you are taking for your HIV infection. Both can cause side effects, such as loss of sexual desire and function, headaches, insomnia, fatigue, erratic heartbeat, constipation, and upset stomach. Certain lifestyle changes have also been found to be effective in treating depression when you have been diagnosed with HIV. These include regular exercise and exposure to sunlight, counseling, stress management, and improved sleeping habits.
Massage and acupuncture have also been found as good alternative therapies to depression. Jump to: Symptoms Diagnosis Causes Treatment. Article continues below Do you feel depressed? Get our Free eNewsletter!