Colonialism, culture wars and fundamentalist politicians have restricted sexual freedom. IN THE 13th and 14th centuries two celebrated male poets wrote about men in affectionate, even amorous, terms. They were Rumi and Hafiz, and both lived in what is now Iran. Their musings were neither new nor unusual. Centuries earlier Abu Nuwas, a bawdy poet from Baghdad, wrote lewd verses about same-sex desire.
I needed mental support, [to learn] how to trust, how Excecuted homosexuals iraq have confidence According to international and local media reports, on April 13 at least 30 men suspected of homosexual conduct were arrested by IRGC agents iraa a private party in Isfahan Province. Another controversial execution was homosexuaals of Makwan Moloudzadeh on December 6, Once homosexuality had become associated with the West, politicians were able to manipulate anti-LGBT feelings for Excecuted homosexuals iraq personal gain. Most Read. Retrieved November 2,
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Iraqi gays are being targeted and killed in what rights campaigners say is some of the worst violence against the community in recent years. The irqq involved should be killed in the worst, most severe way of killing". They groped Saleh and ridiculed him. No one has been held accountable for the murders, and the previous government rejected calls to even investigate homosexuaps based on actual or perceived sexual and gender non-conformity. They were abducted by the Badr organisation in April To save lives, the Iraqi government, international relief organizations, and foreign embassies should Excecuted homosexuals iraq Bush george monkey porn share protected spaces within Excecuted homosexuals iraq for LGBT Iraqis and those who do not gender-conform and, at the same time, expedite appeals by those individuals to safely leave the country. Hassan says he sometimes stays at home with his brothers — their parents are dead — but he's afraid even of them, afraid they will kill him because he has brought shame to the family. It is not clear whether the three men were homosexuals or merely smeared with homosexualityaccused of Excecuted homosexuals iraq gay. In addition they face risk and hostility in refugee circumstances. Namespaces Article Talk. Inthe Ottoman Empirewhich ruled the area of modern-day Iraq as part of Ottoman Iraq province, abolished its existing sodomy laws.
An infamous ISIS leader reported to have overseen the executions of civilians suspected of being gay has been captured by Iraqi security forces.
- LGBT people in Iraq have long been persecuted.
- Gay and bisexual men have been violently persecuted by the Islamic extremist group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant within its region of control in Iraq , Syria and Libya.
- Interviews with doctors indicate hundreds of men had been killed, but the exact number was unclear because of the stigma associated with homosexuality in Iraq, the New York-based watchdog group said in its report.
- Three Iranian men have been executed after being found guilty of charges related to homosexuality, according to a semi-official news agency.
- Call them the Dirty Dozen: They are the 11 countries and one militant extremist political jurisdiction where the death penalty applies to the "crime" of loving someone of the same sex.
- Following British occupation of Iraq, very strict sodomy laws were put in place.
As Ahlam remembers, she approached the house on foot and told the men standing outside that she had been harassed on the road. In keeping with local custom, the men invited her to take refuge in the house, and left to find the supposed wrongdoers.
Inside, Ahlam said she found the mother of one of the three men being held captive and worked with her to sneak them out of the house.
They made it out the back door undetected and hopped the fence. Outside, they found Majid waiting in the car and were soon joined by Ahlam, who had walked out the front door after thanking everyone for sheltering her.
Together they sped off to safety. Majid was shocked when two of the men kissed each other in celebration of their freedom. BuzzFeed News is withholding their last names and other identifying information for security reasons. This rescue took place in , at a time when they worked for a feminist group focused on helping women escape violence.
They came to realize LGBT people were fleeing the same religious fundamentalists who were spurring violence against women. Then, in , ISIS arrived. This is the story of how Majid and Ahlam secretly worked to help LGBT people escape ISIS at a time when the Islamist militants regularly bragged online — in grisly images and videos that made headlines around the world — about throwing gay men to their deaths.
Majid and Ahlam helped two gay men and two lesbian women escape execution orders during the three years ISIS controlled parts of northern Iraq. They recorded the stories of 87 people who were tortured or executed for homosexuality, working with a network of their own friends and family members to document ISIS violence.
And no war crimes tribunal has ever prosecuted a case based on sexual orientation or gender identity. OWFI knows it faces a long fight to make that happen, but it got a chance to start making its case last month.
An investigative team that the United Nations Security Council sent to Iraq to help investigate human rights abuses formally asked OWFI for copies of the evidence it had collected.
Davis said there may be no hope for the kinds of trials the legal team would like to see in Iraq, but putting this evidence before the UN could be the start of building an international consensus to treat the persecution of LGBT people as a crime against humanity. What we want is to build the global political will. How Majid and Ahlam went from unknowingly assisting a few gay men to potentially transforming the way the world treats the persecution of LGBT people is being told here for the first time.
It is based on more than eight hours of interviews with them conducted between and Their memories for exact details are sometimes fuzzy, reflecting the trauma of having witnessed so much violence themselves and hearing about much more from hundreds of others.
Majid, who has panic attacks and fatigue, carries pictures of children killed during the conflict on his cellphone. BuzzFeed News was given access to more than pages of emails and documentation that Majid wrote during the conflict. BuzzFeed News also spoke repeatedly with the human rights lawyers, researchers, and translators supporting their work.
Davis said she believes the evidence Majid and Ahlam helped assemble against ISIS could transform law on the persecution of LGBT people in a similar way to how a prosecution of the Rwandan genocide helped spur the world to view rape in wartime should be treated as seriously as genocide.
Majid had been training for secret missions since he was a boy. His father ran a kebab shop and was an underground Communist Party activist. Majid remembers delivering messages for party members hidden in papers wrapped around kebabs.
Majid held on to his leftist ideals throughout the decades Saddam ruled Iraq, but he felt no joy when US forces toppled the dictator in Majid, a committed secularist, also hated the Islamist forces that took hold of his region after the invasion.
Shiite clerics became powerful leaders and held sway over large militias. At the same time, al-Qaeda, became a force in northern Iraq fighting the US occupation.
As fighting between Shiite and Sunni groups escalated around his town, Majid became especially troubled by an explosion of violence against women. This included so-called honor killings, child marriages, and other practices that fundamentalists claimed were endorsed by Islam. Majid made it his mission to help women fleeing violence. She said she first learned about Majid through mutual contacts in communist circles.
Majid became part of the network OWFI was building across Iraq, and he opened a local office in his town. For more than a decade, she was married to a man who would rarely let her leave the house.
Then, one rainy morning in , her husband was kidnapped. The family had just sat down to breakfast when a car pulled up to the house. Ahlam, who was then pregnant with their sixth child, remembers chasing the car until she collapsed into the mud.
No one responded to her cries for help, and the family never learned what happened to her husband. Ahlam sunk into a deep depression in the months after his abduction, said her oldest daughter. Ahlam nearly stopped eating altogether and started losing her hair. Her daughter said she was at risk of having a miscarriage. So Ahlam moved her family to Baghdad to be closer to better doctors as her due date approached, working for a time as a security screener at a government building.
But they were forced to flee the city when sectarian violence erupted — they went to Syria in , which was then much safer than Iraq. After working in a textile factory with her oldest daughters in Syria, Ahlam brought her family back to Iraq in , returning to the town where she had lived when her husband disappeared so she could claim a government pension for widows.
She had just visited a government building to file the necessary paperwork when she spotted the local OWFI office for the first time — it was just across the street.
She met Majid for the first time when she walked inside the small office, which was just two rooms with a few chairs. I needed mental support, [to learn] how to trust, how to have confidence Her immediate concern was how to survive day to day, but in she took in a woman who was fleeing a death threat from her ex-husband. They later learned the girl had killed herself after her father promised to marry her to a much older man.
Human rights activists estimate that dozens of people were killed in this period under suspicion of being gay. Majid and Ahlam said they witnessed a man being burned to death by his family during this wave of violence, cementing their commitment to LGBT rights. The trainings became an annual event, and Stern said she was moved by how Majid and Ahlam grew passionate about this work.
They did what you would wish someone would do for you. Many local al-Qaeda members in Sunni areas had swung their allegiance to ISIS, and by late the group had control of major cities. Once, Ahlam got a threatening text message from an ISIS member, demanding she come to the mosque to repent for her work or face execution. Some of this seemed to fit the pattern of violence Majid and Ahlam had seen in the regions for years.
In an email from late October , he described how a woman had been stoned to death by a mob that included her own father. Majid responded to the growing violence by documenting everything he could, keeping detailed records whenever he and Ahlam worked with victims or spoke to contacts who secretly called them from inside ISIS territory.
After confirming with his aunt that the man could be trusted, Majid agreed to help the gay men escape. They were a couple, whose first initials are M. BuzzFeed News agreed to withhold the names of victims and sources to protect their privacy.
They were so frightened that they had a hard time speaking to strangers on the phone, so M. Majid and Ahlam had a pretty clear picture of what the two men were running from. There were the nine boys and men aged between 15 and 21 who were executed on August 6, , thrown from the National Insurance Company building and other landmarks in the heart of Mosul, sandbags tied around their necks to ensure the impact would be fatal. There were two textile workers thrown off the top of a building under construction in the eastern neighborhood of Wadi Hajar.
There were three men in their twenties in the district of Karama who were bound in chains, doused with gasoline, and burned to death. But M. A gay friend of theirs had been executed three months earlier, and they believed he gave their names to his captors before he died. Ahlam told the mother that M. There would be no escaping ISIS checkpoints, Ahlam said, and it would be up to them to figure out how to make it through.
Water was scarce on the mountains, which were littered with land mines, and ISIS snipers would likely shoot them if they crossed in daylight, the men were warned. Ahlam said they would tell their contacts in the Iraqi military to look for them when they came down from the hills.
But if M. When Majid and Ahlam met the two men, they were so shaken they could barely speak. Majid and Ahlam said they were so moved that they began crying too. They took the men and their families to the OWFI office, where volunteers had prepared a meal of okra and specially seasoned meatballs. After a couple days, Majid and Ahlam transported M. The men gave brief phone interviews to a researcher with the group, mostly confirming what M. All these questions made M. The OutRight researcher had explained they could go to Turkey and seek refugee status, a process that can take years.
They went to Turkey, but then cut off contact with the NGOs. Before M. According a report Majid wrote on their case, the women said ISIS had put their names on an execution list after going through old records at Mosul University. The two women had met while students in the teachers college, but had been expelled in after getting caught kissing in a bathroom.
The university had also reported them to the police, but charges of indecency were dropped for lack of evidence. He passed them on to Ahlam because they were more comfortable speaking to a woman.
They also soon moved on to Kurdistan, where they remain to this day. Children posing on a tank during celebrations to mark the first anniversary of victory over ISIS, in Karbala on December 10, The fighting is not, in fact, over. The Shiite militias that swept into their area to help push ISIS out brought with them a new round of sectarian violence. They have little faith in the Iraqi courts, which began holding trials last year that rushed to judgment so swiftly that there was no effort to investigate specific atrocities — or even give the defendants a chance to refute the charges.
The team is formally charged with advising the Iraqi government on its own investigations into ISIS, but it was created by the UN Security Council to promote meaningful investigations of human rights abuses.
Some are also considering bringing charges in a country like Germany , which allows its court to hear international criminal cases even when the crimes were committed in another country.
E-mail to a friend. Many innocent people have indeed been sentenced to death or hanged in secret based on such ambiguous accusations in Iran [in recent years]. LGBT people could be harassed, jailed or blackmailed into becoming spies for the regime. In , the IRCC Resolution of was enacted that established the death penalty for adultery , being involved with prostitution , and anyone who, "Commits the crime of sodomy with a male or female or who violates the honor of a male or female without his or her consent and under the threat of arm or by force in a way that the life of the victim male or female is threatened" . Sunni Islamist militants such as al Qaeda have also spread religious intolerance. Stewart said he sees both positive and negative trends surrounding acceptance and oppression of LGBT people worldwide. Four victims who spoke to CNN gave accounts of the attacks, which they say have intensified in the past few months.
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According to this human rights activist, for the past 3 weeks a crackdown on homosexuals has been going on based on a religious decree that demands their death; dozens have been targeted. She says that the persecution of homosexuals is not confined to the Shiite clerics. Some Sunni leaders have also declared the death penalty for sodomy on satellite channels.
They went to the hospital for treatment and in some cases they were refused treatment. Officials and tribal leaders in Sadr City are reluctant to provide details about the murder of homosexuals. They used to hang out in a [gay] cafe, on Palestine Street in Baghdad. But I am not a terrorist. He was gay. He wore his hair long and took female hormones to grow breasts. Amused by his appearance, Iraqi police officers stopped him in December at a checkpoint in a southern Baghdad neighborhood dominated by radical Shiite militias.
They groped Saleh and ridiculed him. The assault was captured on video and circulated on cellphones throughout Baghdad, says Ali Hili, founder of London-based Iraqi LGBT, a group dedicated to protecting Iraq's gays and lesbians.
Shortly after the video was made public, Hili says Saleh contacted him, fearing for his life, and asked for his help to flee Iraq.
The violence has raised questions about the Iraqi government's ability to protect a diverse range of vulnerable minority groups that also includes Christians and Kurds, especially following the withdrawal of U. Homosexuality, Khalaf says, is against the law and "is rejected by the customs of our society.
The killers aren't just executing their gay victims. They are "mutilating their bodies and torturing them," says fundamentalist Sunni cleric Sheik Mohammed al-Ghreri, who has criticized the violence.
Hili says the militias have come up with a particularly cruel way to inflict pain: sealing victims' anuses with glue, then force-feeding them laxatives. Hili says he has spoken to several victims who survived the ordeal. Unable to trust the authorities — and in some cases shunned by their own families — many Iraqi gays have gone into hiding. Hassan and some gay friends say they had found refuge in a house in Karrada. But as the threat against them increased, they became afraid the police would find them.
So they scattered. Hassan says he sometimes stays at home with his brothers — their parents are dead — but he's afraid even of them, afraid they will kill him because he has brought shame to the family.
He says he wanted to move in with his sister, who lives in Abu Dhabi. She turned him away, saying she didn't want her children to know they have a gay uncle.
The group has struggled to raise money and had to close three safe houses in the past couple of months, leaving just one open. Hili says five safe houses are needed, each of them housing 10 to 12 gay refugees. Yet other expenses pile up: security guards, food, fuel, medical bills, pots and pans, bedding. Shi'ite Muslim militias once held sway over many areas of Baghdad and Iraq's Shi'ite south, but a series of government crackdowns in the past two years has weakened their presence.
Sunni Islamist militants such as al Qaeda have also spread religious intolerance. HRW said it had been told that in some attacks Iraqi security forces had "colluded and joined in the killing. These killings point to the continuing and lethal failure of Iraq's post-occupation authorities to establish the rule of law and protect their citizens," HRW researcher Rasha Moumneh said. In March, the bodies of four gay men were found in Sadr City, each bearing a sign reading "pervert" in Arabic, police said.
Its statement carried testimony from victims, including one man who said his partner of 10 years was taken from his home at night in April by four men dressed in black and wearing masks. When he finds them, Hamizi arranges for them to be attacked and sometimes killed.
Hamizi, a computer science graduate, is at the cutting edge of a new wave of violence against gay men in Iraq. Made up of hardline extremists, Hamizi's group and others like it are believed to be responsible for the deaths of more than gay Iraqi men since the beginning of the year alone.
The organization says it has been told by Iraqi human rights activists that the renewed targeting started in early February this year. Sources inside Iraq say this new surge of anti-gay violence has seen close to 40 people kidnapped, brutally tortured and murdered. IGLHCR say the Iraqi authorities have neither responded to this targeted violence nor have they publicly denounced it.
It is widely believed that these atrocities are being committed by a group of the Shiite militia. From WikiIslam, the online resource on Islam. Jump to: navigation , search. The spiritual leader of Iraq's Shia Muslims, Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, is widelyviewed as a moderating influence, having condemned sectarian violence and encouraged his followers to participate in elections. They are the tip of an iceberg of religious-motivated summary executions.
Gay Iraqis are living in fear of discovery and murder," says Mr Hili. I think they would kill us before the Badr Corps could if they knew about us.
Iraqi gays are being targeted and killed in what rights campaigners say is some of the worst violence against the community in recent years. At least 68 gay and transgendered men have been killed over the last four months, according to the London-based rights advocacy group Iraqi LGBT lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender , bringing the total number of killings of Iraqis because of their sexuality to since The young man turns to the camera and pleads with his tormentors.
Saleh turned up dead two months later, he says. The sectarian political system institutionalized during this period greatly empowered certain religious leaders and politicians who subjected human rights to biased interpretations of religious law. Their rise to power, coupled with mass poverty and instability induced by years of economic sanctions, war, and the overthrow of a brutal, but largely secular, regime, continues to fuel recruitment for the armed groups that are largely responsible for the deadly waves of attacks against members of minority groups, including LGBT community members.
Pervasive negative stereotypes about homosexuality and a general lack of awareness regarding transgender issues in Iraq also contribute to the high levels of violence against LGBT people. Iraqi lesbians, gays, bisexual and transgender individuals were marginalized and invisible with no legal protection or social status.
After the U. Throughout Iraq over the past decade, many LGBT people have been the targets of violent, and sometimes deadly attacks by Islamist militias and vigilantes, as well as by members of their own families or tribes. Attackers target not only those whom they perceive to be LGBT, but also anyone they view as transgressors of traditional gender norms.
The recent upsurge of turmoil and violence in Iraq at the time of this writing poses increased risks for the LGBT community. Some perpetrators commit hateful and violent acts against LGBT people in the name of protecting their tribal or family honor.
Others are vigilantes who claim to be implementing Islamic laws. The popular perception of LGBT individuals as social outcasts, coupled with the extensive power of tribal leaders, clerics, and religious militias who endorse or commit anti-LGBT violence, prevents LGBT individuals from seeking justice.
Iraqi authorities generally do not investigate incidents of violence against LGBT people, and many attacks are never reported to the authorities at all.
In some cases, police take advantage of vulnerable LGBT individuals to further exploit and intimidate them. The authors of this publication seek to unveil the violence and discrimination that so many LGBT individuals face from their families, acquaintances, community members, and their government.
Contributors to this collection include three gay men, a lesbian woman and a transgender woman. The threats and circumstances that each of them struggle with vary according to a host of factors, including their socio- economic background, their gender, and the level of security in their local surroundings.
Each personal story was written or told by the individuals themselves, and we have recounted the stories as they were told to us. Visual representations were selected or created by the authors to complement their accounts. After conducting follow-up interviews with each author, the editors added dates and information necessary for clarification. This project strives to shed light on the daily struggles of Iraqi LGBT people, who are fighting to survive and overcome extreme violence.
We are simply human beings that deserve to be treated with the respect and dignity owed to all people. These stories reveal how survivors of grave human rights violations find ways to adapt, resist, and begin to come together to knit the social fabric that is the precursor to community, political mobilization, and ultimately, social change. Given the ongoing security concerns in Iraq, we are not able to name all individuals and groups who generously supported this project.
However, our gratitude runs deep for their dedication and commitment to the human rights of LGBT individuals in Iraq. Skip to main content. Legal Discrimination. Trans, Intersex, Nonbinary Rights. Torture, Violence and Abuse.
The ISNA reported that the year-old kidnapped two year-olds. The US government has highlighted the widespread human rights violations in Iran. Kazeroon is the capital of Kazeroon County, where the execution of the year-old man was carried out, and is located in Fars Province, Iran. The city has population of , as of Axel M. The state publicly and regularly boasts of the execution of gay men.
The ability to influence the Iranian regime regarding inhuman violations of human rights is very limited because of the isolated situation in the country. Therefore, our foundation calls for increased efforts by the international community to help LGBTI people escape and provide safe asylum.
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